Two new spacecrafts in orbit around Mars
On 21 September 2014, the MAVEN spacecraft entered into orbit around the red planet, and 3 days later, on 24 September 2014, the MOM spacecraft accomplished the same feat. The Mars Atmosphere Volatile Element and Evolution (MAVEN) craft was sent by NASA in partnership with the University of Colorado, to study the Martian atmosphere. Specifically, its mission is to determine how the concentration of volatile chemicals (like water, carbon dioxide, etc.) has changed over time. This will hopefully shed light on what Mars’ climate may have been like in the past. The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) was the first interplanetary mission sent by the country of India. It marks a huge leap forward in the nation’s growing space industry and gives them the prestigious title of 4th agency to put an artificial satellite into Martian orbit. Both crafts have returned wonderful images as they stretch their legs in their new homes.
Suggested Reading: Bad Astronomy review, NASA pics from MAVEN, Planetary Society on MOM, MAVEN homepage, MOM homepage, MAVEN wiki, MOM wiki, MAVEN update,
The Curiosity rover has been rolling around the Martian surface for the last 2 Earth years (1 Martian year), making many new discoveries. This includes the conclusion that in the past, Mars must have had a warmer and wetter environment. Recently, Curiosity has reached the base of Mt. Sharp, a mountain located in the middle of Gale Crater, and the ultimate destination Curiosity has had all along. On 24 September 2014, Curiosity performed its first drilling operation at the mountain, drilling out a small sample from the rock. Curiosity also snapped an image of a small spherical rock while en route to Mt. Sharp. The likely origin of the ball of rock is within a wetter environment.
Three new additions to the ISS
On 25 September 2014, a Soyuz rocket launched 3 humans towards the International Space Station. On board were Alexander Samokutyaev, Barry Wilmore, and Elena Serova. Serova is the first female cosmonaut in 17 years Roscosmos has launched, and the first Russian woman ever to board the ISS. The launch returns the ISS crew to a team of 6. Over the next 3 months Expedition 41 will continue to perform the more than 100 different science experiments aboard the ISS.
Suggested Reading: ISS homepage, Serova’s Bio, Expedition 41 description,
The Canadian Space Agency Agence Spatiale Canadien (CSA-ASC) has organized a Tweet Up for 30 September 2014 in Toronto. The attendees will participate in an ‘amazing race’ style competition: Team Hansen vs. Team Saint-Jacques. The Tweet Up is in conjunction with the 65th International Astronautical Congress. The theme of this congress is ‘Our World Needs Space;’ it will explore the relationship between Earth and space, as well as the partnership of public and private money in the research and development of the space industry.
Suggested Reading: #CSATweetup homepage, CSA twitter account, IAC2014 website,